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Zechariah Chapter 4
2 Olive Branches - One Golden Bowl - 7 Lamps
compiled by Rachel Cory-Kuehl, December 22, 2018
Scripture is from the New King James Version unless otherwise noted
God called Israel’s name “Green Olive Tree” (Jeremiah 11:16). Two “olive branches” must therefore represent two tribes of Israel, or two individual Israelites who occupy significant roles within Israel.
Let me suggest:
1. Zerubbabel - Ruler/Governor (from the tribe of Judah, through David and Solomon)
2. Joshua - the High Priest (from the tribe of Levi)
This would have meaning for Zechariah at that time. He was longing to see the Temple of the LORD restored with its priesthood, and Israel established in “the land”.
Zechariah 4:9 “The hands of Zerubbabel have laid the foundation of this temple; His hands shall also finish.”
Zechariah 6:11-13 “Take the silver and gold and make a crown, and set it on the head of the high priest, Joshua son of Jozadak. 12 Tell him this is what the LORD Almighty says: 'Here is the man whose name is the Branch, and he will branch out from his place and build the temple of the LORD. 13 It is he who will build the temple of the LORD, and he will be clothed with majesty and will sit and rule on his throne. And he will be a priest on his throne. And there will be harmony between the two.’” (NIV)
NOTICE: Both Zerubbabel and Joshua would build the Temple of the LORD.
NOTICE: The High Priest Joshua, would “sit and rule on his throne”. Under the law, the High Priest had no “throne”. Only the anointed king - the Son of David, was allowed to sit within the Temple court.
Zerubbabel the ruler, and Joshua the High Priest, together typify Jesus Christ - the one future priest/king. The peace or “harmony” would be “between them both” (between priest and ruler) because one man would become both King and High Priest - as symbolized by the one golden bowl. His name would be Yeshua (Joshua - Jesus), and He would build the Temple of the LORD.
As Zerubbabel and Joshua rebuilt a physical Temple for the LORD. Jesus Christ would build the spiritual Temple - His church, symbolized by the seven branched lamp stand. He is himself the cornerstone of that Temple.
The “oil” flows through branches, through the golden bowl, to the lamps of Zechariah’s vision, symbolizing the Spirit by which the indwelling of the church - His Temple - is accomplished.
Zechariah 4:6 “‘Not by might, nor by power, but by My Spirit, says the Lord of Hosts.”
Ephesians 2:19 “Now, therefore, you are no longer strangers and foreigners, but fellow citizens with the saints and members of the household of God, 20 having been built on the foundation of the apostles and prophets, Jesus Christ Himself being the chief cornerstone, 21 in whom the whole building, being joined together, grows into a holy temple in the Lord.”
NOTE: The “household of God” - His church - grows into “a holy temple” filled with His Spirit. The foundation is apostles and prophets (all human beings). The “chief cornerstone” is Christ Himself - who became a man.
1 Corinthians 3:16 “Do you not know that you are the Temple of God and that the Spirit of God dwells in you?”
2 Corinthians 6:16 “For you are the Temple of the living God. As God has said: ‘I will dwell in them And walk among them. I will be their God, And they shall be My people.’”
1 Peter 2:5 “You also, as living stones, are being built up a spiritual house, a holy priesthood, to offer up spiritual sacrifices acceptable to God through Jesus Christ.”
The glorified Christ would become the one “golden bowl” through which the Spirit of God would flow to the churches. He would baptize with the Holy Spirit and fire.
Matthew 3:11 “I [John] indeed baptize you with water unto repentance, but He who is coming after me is mightier than I, whose sandals I am not worthy to carry. He will baptize you with the Holy Spirit and fire.” (Mark 1:11, Luke 3:16, John 1:33)
1 Corinthians 15:45 “And so it is written, ‘The first man Adam became a living being.’ The last Adam became a life-giving spirit.”
We pray this study will prove a blessing.
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